The need to improve data quality and traceability
May 7, 2021
Jokin Muñoa is Head of Scientific Development and Dynamics & Control Research Group Manager of IDEKO, an industry driven Spanish Research Centre specialised in production and advanced manufacturing technologies. Jokin has twenty years of experience in machine tool technology. His activity begun with the analysis of machine tool static and dynamic behavior based on finite element models. Afterwards, he specialized in vibration problem resolution in metal cutting operations based on theoretical stability models and experimental techniques. His main research activity has dealt with chatter suppression and application of mechatronics to increase the productivity of machine tools. Current research efforts include interaction of manufacturing process and machine tool, new techniques for the measurement of machine tool dynamics, stability models, mechatronic simulation, active damping devices and methods, collaborative frameworks between robots and machines and cyber physical systems for manufacturing. Jokin Muñoa has ten years of experience coordinating European projects.
How did you come up with the idea of InterQ?
The origin of the idea of the project came up from the monitoring and digitalization of manufacturing processes and lines. Actually, there is a huge amount of data in these digitalized lines, but it is not exploited satisfactorily and their impact in plants productivity is not high. This is due to the fact that collected data, many times, is not significant and there is lack of traceability and feedback with final quality of produced parts. So, it is necessary to interrelate process and product data along the whole value chain to go a step forward in the optimization. These problems are going to be overcome in InterQ using Digital Technologies and Artificial Intelligence driven applications including digital twins, virtual sensors, decision support systems, data fusion and distributed ledger.
What motivated you to undertake this project?
Ideko has experience in the digitalization of production lines inside the Zero Defect Manufacturing (ZDM) paradigm. However, it saw the need to improve data quality and traceability in every sense of the word (Value Chain, all processes, etc) to improve the end quality of the parts produced and, therefore, the competitiveness of its clients. This is the origin of the idea of working with the Process-Product-Data (PPD) hallmark concept, applied in different sectors (aero, energy and automotive). To achieve this, it was necessary to gather knowledge from different entities in a single project. Ideko has a wide range of collaborators and close links with the main universities and companies at the sharp end of different technologies related to areas within InterQ’s scope. We, therefore, thought that we could lead this project, creating a strong consortium, capable of developing innovative technologies which would look deeper into ZDM and enhance the competitiveness of European companies.
How was the consortium formed?
Project seed came from clustering activities of MC-Suite (Lead by Ideko) and Twin-Control (Lead by Tekniker) EU Projects. Whose project coordinators were Mikel Armendia (actual technical coordinator of InterQ) and Jokin Muñoa (Coordinator of InterQ).
A combination of manufacturing and ICT technologies was defined at the core of this consortium, resulting in an exact balance between research institutions, technology providers and manufacturing partners. Hence, the consortium covers all the value chain of the manufacturing products including specialized manufacturing software providers (QDAS, MODULE WORKS), data analysis software providers (PREDICT, DATATHINGS), general software developers (ENGINEERING, DNV), distributed ledger specialists (INLECOM, TRIBUTECH), sensor providers (OPTOSURF, PRO-MICRON, VIDEOSYSTEMS, CEDRAT), machine tool builders (DANOBAT, COMAU), manufacturing research institutions (IDEKO, BME, TEKNIKER, UPV), ICT research institutions (SINTEF, TUDa, UCD) and manufacturing end-users (RENAULT, ITP, GAMESA, AEROMEC).
How will the Project be carried out during these 36 months?
InterQ is a big project with 25 partners. To manage and execute it in a proper way, Project Coordinator has structured the project in 9 Work Packages (WP) that are closely related with InterQ project objectives.
WP1 will allow assessing qualitatively and quantitatively the initial process, product and data quality. This initial Work Package will define the Key Performance Indicators that will be monitored during InterQ and establish the requirements for the general InterQ Framework. A specific emphasis will be paid on the data quality and reliability.
The core of the InterQ project will be carried out in 5 work packages focused on the development of the interlinked process product and data quality framework for Zero Defect Manufacturing. WP2 to 4 are respectively focused on the process, product and data quality. They will have parallel developments that will allow the implementation of the zero-defect actions proposed in WP5. The InterQ-TrustedFramework activities (WP6) will be transversal in the project to ensure that all developments are integrated in the general InterQ framework and that the quality data can be traced and shared across the supply chain.
WP7 will be dedicated to the validation and demonstration of InterQ results, first, on laboratory demonstrators and, later, in three-industrial use-cases.
The consortium considers project results communication, dissemination and exploitation highly important being InterQ an innovation action. Therefore, a separate Work Package (WP8) is assigned to these activities in order to bring a greater impact to European manufacturing industries. The market-place that will allow the global exploitation of the project results will be also implemented in WP8.
Finally, WP9 will provide successful management of all project activities, including communication between partners, coordination of actions, technical coordination and monitoring activities.
To lead this Work Packages a well-known organisation with huge experience in technologies to be tackled in their respective WPs have been established. Organisations in which IDEKO relies on since they have previously collaborated in other European projects.
What have been the achievements/performed steps so far?
The greatest achievement to date is the mere fact that the project is up and running and moving in the right direction. Bearing in mind that there are many partners and that we are in the middle of the Covid pandemic, it is not easy to get this type of project off the ground. Nevertheless, we have managed to do so thanks to the commitment of all concerned, and we are all pulling together.
In order to do that, we must highlight the detailed definition of use cases which were carried out initially and the steps being taken for the digitalization and monitoring of use cases at an early stage in the project.
What long-term results do you expect?
In general terms, European products are automatically associated with quality and premium segments. In words of Carlos Moedas, EU Commissioner for Research, Science and Innovation, “If we want people to believe in the European project, we have to be the best, or nothing,… That is our bet, the “Made in Europe” label continues to be seen as a guarantee of quality, whether we are talking about steam engines or shoes.”
Our contribution is to give a firm step improving the quality of produced parts through the Zero Defect Manufacturing paradigm in Europe.
INTERQ is supported by the European Union. Have you participated in more projects funded by the EU? How do you evaluate them?
After DYNXPERTS and MC-SUITE, this is my third European project as a coordinator. In addition, Ideko has great experience in European projects, both participating and as leading role. The balance is very positive. In these projects, technology has been successfully developed and implanted, and is being exploited satisfactorily at the present moment. In this way, the competitiveness of European companies has been enhanced.